Vein Conditions

Athens Vein & Thoracic Specialists applies our extensive experience combined with leading edge technology to correctly diagnose and treat venous conditions including the following.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when the leg veins do not allow blood to travel back to the heart. (Arteries carry blood away from the heart, while veins carry blood to the heart). Problems with valves in the veins can cause the blood to flow both directions, not just toward the heart. These valves that are not working properly can cause blood in the legs to pool. If chronic venous insufficiency is left untreated, pain, swelling, and leg ulcers may result.

Spider Veins

Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller. Spider veins are found closer to the skin’s surface and are often red or blue. They occur on the legs, but can also be found on the face. Spider veins vary in size and often look like a spider’s web.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are gnarled, enlarged veins. Any vein may become varicose, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs and feet. That’s because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body.  Varicose veins can cause aching pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose veins lead to more-serious problems and may also signal a higher risk of other circulatory problems.

Restless Leg Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a disorder of the part of the nervous system that causes an urge to move the legs. It has been established that conditions causing inadequate blood flow in the legs such as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) are often accompanied by RLS and treatment of these conditions can lessen or eliminate the instances of Restless Leg Syndrome.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms. It is a very serious condition that can cause permanent damage to the leg, known as post-thrombotic syndrome, or a life-threating pulomnary embolism.

Venous Stasis Ulcers

Venous stasis ulcers are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of venous valves, usually of the legs (hence leg ulcers).  They are a major cause of chronic wounds, occurring in 70% to 90% of leg ulcer cases.  Venous ulcers develop mostly along the medial distal leg, and can be very painful.


Lymphedema occurs when the lymph system is damaged or blocked. Fluid builds up in soft body tissues and causes swelling. It is a common problem that may be caused by cancer and cancer treatment. Lymphedema usually affects an arm or leg, but it can also affect other parts of the body. Lymphedema can cause long-term physical, psychological, and social problems for patients.

Vulvar Veins

Vulvar veins or varicosities are varicose veins in the vulva.  They are usually caused by pregnancy and occur in approximately 10% of pregnant women.  The risk of varicose veins is greater during pregnancy because of the increase in blood volume and decrease in how quickly your blood flows from your lower body. This puts pressure on your veins. Vulvar varicosities can develop alone or along with varicose veins of the legs.

Facial Veins

Spider veins and broken capillaries may appear anywhere on the face, typically around nose or under the eyes. The causes of spider veins on the face may differ from the causes on the legs or other areas. The red or bluish threads are injured veins or capillaries. Spider veins are usually harmless, but some people have a cosmetic concern over the condition.

Hand Veins

Large bulging veins on the backs of our hands occur because our skin relaxes and thins. There are a few reasons why hand skin loses elasticity, but age is the most common one. This condition does not usually cause pain, but the veins do become more noticeable, and due to their bluish color can change the overall coloration of hands.  In some cases, however, bulging veins can be caused by a more serious vascular disease that requires a medical specialist’s attention.

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