Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when the leg veins do not allow blood to travel back to the heart. (Arteries carry blood away from the heart, while veins carry blood to the heart). Problems with valves in the veins can cause the blood to flow both directions, not just toward the heart. Valves that are not working properly can cause blood to pool in the legs. If chronic venous insufficiency is left untreated, pain, swelling, and leg ulcers may result.
Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller. Spider veins are found closer to the skin’s surface and are often red or blue. They occur on the legs, but can also be located on the face. Spider veins vary in size and often look like a spider’s web.
Varicose veins are ropey, enlarged veins. Any vein may become varicose, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs and feet. That’s because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body. Varicose veins can cause aching pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose veins lead to more-serious problems and may also signal a higher risk of other circulatory problems.
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) is a disorder of the part of the nervous system that causes an urge to move the legs. It has been established that conditions causing inadequate blood flow in the legs such as Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) are often accompanied by RLS and treatment of these conditions can lessen or eliminate the instances of Restless Leg Syndrome.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms. It is a very serious condition that can cause permanent damage to the leg, known as post-thrombotic syndrome, or a life-threating pulomnary embolism.